Monday, July 20, 2020

ADHD in Children Symptoms and Treatment

ADHD in Children Symptoms and Treatment August 05, 2019 ADHD Overview Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment Living With In Children In This Article Table of Contents Expand Symptoms ADHD Evaluation Treatment Options Parenting Strategies School A short attention span and high energy level dont necessarily mean your child has ADHD. There are many reasons why kids may be hyper or have trouble concentrating. But some kids struggle more than others to sit still and pay attention. And it causes problems for them in their daily lives.   If you’ve got a child who seems to bounce off the walls or who can’t focus long enough to get work done, it’s wise to be concerned about the possibility of ADHD.?? Verywell / Brianna Gilmartin Symptoms Just like adults, children may present with one of three types of ADHD: Predominantly inattentive presentation -  Children with the inattentive presentation of ADHD struggle to focus and stay on task. They may appear to be daydreaming often and they may struggle to stay organized.Predominantly hyperactive/impulsive presentation -  Kids with the hyperactive presentation are impulsive and can’t sit still. They often squirm and fidget in their chairs and seem to have endless energy.Combined presentation -  The combined presentation causes impairment in attention as well as hyperactivity. To meet the criteria for a diagnosis of ADHD, symptoms must interfere with a child’s daily life in some form.?? For example, an inattentive child may struggle to understand homework assignments because she wasn’t paying attention in class. Or a hyperactive child may have difficulty maintaining friendships because his impulsive behavior tends to irritate his peers. ADHD may be diagnosed as early as preschool. By definition, symptoms must be present prior to the age of 12 years. ADHD Evaluation If you or your childs teacher suspects your child may have ADHD, its important to seek an evaluation. Early intervention may potentially prevent the emergence of further symptoms and secondary conditions such as anxiety or oppositional defiant behaviors.?? There isn’t a specific lab test that is used to diagnose ADHD. Instead, a pediatrician or mental health professional can evaluate a child’s symptoms and determine if the criteria are met. Often, several different methods are used to obtain information about a child’s behavior. Teacher report forms collect information from teachers about a childs behavior and attention span in the school setting. Reports from teachers can be instrumental in determining how much difficulty a child has to stay on task and remaining seated compared to his peers. Feedback about a child’s peer interactions can also be helpful as some children with ADHD struggle to maintain friendships. Parent report forms are used to rate a child’s behavior in the home. A mental health professional may inquire about a child’s ability to follow directions, play quietly, or wait for his turn in the conversation. The clinician will also want to interview both you and your child to learn more about your childs development and family history. You may also be asked to bring the following items with you to the evaluation: Your childs medical records, your contact information, and contact information for your childs pediatricianNames and contact information for teachers and any other adults involved in a supervisory role with your child, such as in after-school programs. These individuals may also be asked to fill out forms, which you should bring with you if asked. You may be asked to provide your doctor with written consent to contact these individuals.Any prior testing results such as IQ testing, achievement tests, personality assessments, and any previous ADHD evaluations, as well as the contact information for and names of the professionals who conducted them.Report cards and notes from your childs schoolIndividualized education plans (IEPs), if applicableInsurance information How Is ADHD Diagnosed? Treatment Options for Children With ADHD Sometimes parents are hesitant to discuss concerns about ADHD because they fear children will be put on medication with terrible side effects. The good news is, there are several different types of medications (such as Vayarin) available for ADHD. There are also many other types of treatment that don’t involve medication.?? Parent training can be very effective. This involves professional assisting parents with learning various  behavior modification  strategies and  discipline techniques that can reduce behavior problems associated with ADHD. School accommodations can also be helpful. Sometimes, simple strategiesâ€"such as having a child sit near the front of the classroom to reduce distractionsâ€"can be very helpful. A school psychologist or mental health professional may be able to make suggestions to assist teachers in providing a child with a learning environment that can reduce symptoms of ADHD. Find Help With the 9 Best Online Therapy Programs Parenting Strategies Raising a child with ADHD can be stressful.  Children with ADHD  are more likely to be expelled from daycare and school and they may act out more in the home. It can also be a challenge to get them to do their homework and to comply with instructions. Children with ADHD also tend to have higher rates of accidental injuries. They tend to get injured from falls off furniture after excessive climbing, falling or jumping out of windows or off decks, unbuckling restraints and standing up in the car or stroller, even accidentally drinking poison, which all result in more emergency room visits. They often require constant supervision and more structure than other children. Here are a few behavior modification strategies that may be suggested if you engage in a parent training program to support your efforts: Provide positive attention. Positive playtime reduces attention-seeking behavior. And it will make your consequences more effective.Give effective instructions. Gain your child’s full attention before giving directions. Turn off the television, establish eye contact and place a hand on your child’s shoulder before saying, “Please clean your room.” Give one instruction at a time. And ask your child to repeat back to you what he heard to make sure he fully understands.Praise your childs effort. Catch your child being good and point it out.  Praise motivates children  with ADHD to behave  and frequent feedback is important.Establish rewards. Reward systems  can be a great way to help kids with ADHD stay on track. Establish a few target behaviors, such as staying at the table during a meal or using gentle touches with a pet.Use consistent consequences. Placing a child in time-out, taking away privileges, and allowing for natural consequences can be effective discipline techniques . School When parents work together with a childs teacher, it increases the chances that a child will be successful in school.?? Accommodations, such as being given extra time to complete tests or having a seat placed in a quiet area, can increase a childs chances of success. A behavior modification plan may be helpful as well. Forcing a child with ADHD to stay in for recess may worsen behavior problems. But taking away other privileges may be effective. A behavior management plan that carries between home and school can be helpful. A child may receive points or tokens from his teacher that can be exchanged for privileges at home such as watching TV or using a computer. You can also help your child succeed in school by providing structure in the home.?? A consistent homework time (with scheduled breaks) and a homework area that is free from distractions can help your child get his work done. It may also be helpful to create checklists that remind him of what he should pack in his backpack each day. Then, hell require fewer reminders from you to be responsible. Your childs teacher, guidance counselor, and therapist may be able to assist you in developing the best plan to help your child succeed academically. A Word From Verywell Although there isnt a cure for ADHD, the symptoms can usually be well-managed. Your childs symptoms are also likely to change with age, which is normal. Your childs treatment will likely need to be adjusted over time, however, so its important to continue monitoring symptoms and progress. Although raising a child with ADHD poses some extra challenges, with support and appropriate interventions, kids with ADHD can thrive. Learn About Parents With ADHD Raising Children With ADHD

Thursday, May 21, 2020

The Genetic Engineering Debate Essay - 1411 Words

In recent discussions of genetic engineering, a controversial issue has been whether genetic engineering is ethical or not. In â€Å"The Person, the Soul, and Genetic Engineering,† JC Polkinghorne discusses about the moral status of the very early embryo and therapeutic cloning. J. H. Brooke’s article â€Å"Commentary on: The Person, the Soul, and Genetic Engineering† comments and state opinions that counter Polkinghorne’s article. On the other hand John Harris’s â€Å"â€Å"Goodbye Dolly?† The Ethics of Human Cloning† examines â€Å"the possible uses and abuses of human cloning and draw out the principal ethical dimensions, both of what might be done and its meaning, and of public and official response† (353). While in C. Cameron and R. Williamson’s article, â€Å"In†¦show more content†¦They concluded that a human embryo and a â€Å"dolly embryo† acquire respect differently. A â€Å"dolly† embryo is no different genetically when in the laboratory from the somatic cell from which it is derived from. A somatic cell is any cell of a plant or an animal other than a germ cell. A human embryo acquires respect when it meets the criteria that â€Å"its development status of the embryo, the embryo’s potential, and the value of the embryo to other people or to themselves† (Cameron and Williamson 218). When dealing with a â€Å"dolly embryo† it obtains dignity/respect â€Å"upon the successful act of implantation, because after implantation development takes place which, if uninterrupted, leads to the birth of a human being† (Cameron and Williamson 218). I agree with Cameron and Williamson that a human embryo and a â€Å"dolly† embryo differentiate when they acquire dignity/respect. A human embryo is formed during fertilization, while a â€Å"dolly† embryo doesn’t require fertilization to become an embryo. Fertilization is the action or process of fertilizing an egg, female animal, or plant, involving the fusion of male and female gametes to form a zygote. Since fertilization does not take place, it makes it hard to tell when life begins in a â€Å"dolly† embryo. J. H. Brooke argues in her article â€Å"Commentary on: The Person, the Soul, and Genetic Engineering† that dignity is ascribed to an embryo not given, or that someone has to give the embryo dignity for itShow MoreRelatedThe Debate On Human Genetic Engineering2124 Words   |  9 PagesLong Stance Paper on Human Genetic Engineering The debate on whether human genetic engineering should be researched and used as the main alternative solution to disease have been going on since the creation of the human genetic engineering phenomenon. The ethical question is clear: should money be invested in human genetic engineering and should we research it at all, even if it is formally criticized by all monotheistic religions? The ethical principles in conflict are beneficence (people withRead MoreThe Debate Over Genetic Engineering1772 Words   |  8 Pages Over the past few decades genetic engineering has caused plenty of controversy not only in politics, but as well as in science and the lives of everyday people. Controversy is not new to this subject, in fact it has a rich history of it, from cloning to patenting several types of DNA. Some scientist in this field even oppose this subject. While there are many cons in this subject such as people taking advantage over the technology, there are also a lot of pros that c ome out of it and has helpedRead MoreThe Human Genetic Engineering Debate Essay1823 Words   |  8 Pagesin astronomy, chemistry, geology, paleontology, and many more scientific fields. However, some of the fastest growing subjects are in the field of biological sciences, more specifically genetics. Over the past twenty years a new genetic science known as genetic engineering has come to prominence. Genetic engineering is the direct manipulation of an organism’s genome using biotechnology, including a human’s genome. As a result, scientists have begun to experiment with altering human traits, known asRead MoreThe Debate for Genetic Engineering Exposed in Gattaca Essay605 Words   |  3 Pageshuman ingenuity. We live in a world where babies are left to chance and genetic metaling is frowned upon, but in Gattaca that idea is flipped. Society judges those who are left to God as inferior. How can one be judged for the decision of their parents? Science is moving into un charted territory, where we might be able to create â€Å"super humans† as depicted in the movie. Gattaca revealed both the pros and cons of genetic engineering in science. Humans are not meant to alter Mother Nature, or they haveRead MoreEssay on Genetic Engineering Should Not be Banned1641 Words   |  7 PagesGenetic Engineering Should Not be Banned Genetic engineering is a hotly-debated topic. On the one hand, giant corporations, ambitious scientists and powerful politicians are pushing forward with projects they claim will benefit mankind, and on the other, public opinion, environmentalists and consumers associations are concerned that these projects are insufficiently safeguarded and pose irreversible risks to life on this planet. In this paper I will set out the main issues in the debateRead MoreThe Controversy Of Genetic Engineering1369 Words   |  6 Pages Genetic Engineering, for most individuals not knowledgeable on the topic, conjures visions of sci-fi movies and humans being grown in a lab far off in the future. What more and more individuals in the early 21st century are coming to realize is that Genetic Engineering has already exceeded our wildest imaginations in a dark corner of a lab, outside of the view of the main stream public. Indeed, in 2017, genetic engineering is in full swing on both plant and animal life. Only from hearingRead MoreThe Future of Genetic Engineering in Babie Is in Our Hands Essay1173 Words   |  5 PagesBabies Group The Future of Genetic Engineering in Babies is in Our Hands The idea of designer babies has been around for a very long time, in various media, video games all the way to on-screen movies. Only recently through massive breakthrough of technology and science can genetically modified babies actually be possible for the future. The definition of the expression ‘designer baby’ is â€Å"a baby whose genetic makeup has been artificially selected by genetic engineering combined with invitro fertilizationRead MoreSale - Pro Plans Are 20% Off Today View Plans. Gradeproof1164 Words   |  5 PagesSentence Count: 28 Readability: 11.52 % Grade Level: 16.59 years Reading Time: 2 minutes Speaking Time: 4 minutes Type your title here... Genetic Engineering is a common theme of Gattaca, Splice, and Blade Runner. Gattaca takes place in a future where the best opportunities are given people that have the best genes, as a result from Genetic Engineering (cite). The main character Vincent has not been genetically engineered and has many health issues like Myopia (cite). He aspires to become anRead More Genetic Engineering: Our Key to a Better World Essay1128 Words   |  5 Pages What is genetic engineering one might ask and why is there so much moral controversy surrounding the topic? Genetic engineering as defined by Pete Moore, is the name given to a wide variety of techniques that have one thing in common: they all allow the biologist to take a gene from one cell and insert it into another (SS1). Such techniques included in genetic engineering (both good and bad) are, genetic screening both during the fetal stage and later in life, gene therapy, sex selectionRead MoreThe Importance Of Genetic Engineering1282 Words   |  6 PagesGenetic engineering is defined as the modification of the characteristics of an organism by altering its genetic material. Although the definition makes it seems clear and concise, it is far more complicated. This new advancement has caused a huge debate over the ethics and laws of what it is able to do. Genetic engineering is immensely important because of the potential benefits it contains and the advances it allows for in the future. The ultimate goal of genetic engineering is to prevent, treat

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Art History Paper Transformation Between Sculpture and...

Casey Chiovaro December 3, 2012 Optional Paper Art History 109 Define the transformations that have taken place between the sculpture of the late archaic period and that of the early Classical period. Note how these imply a change in relationship of the viewer to the work of art. Throughout history, sculptures have developed significantly. The Western tradition of sculptures began in Ancient Greece along with Egypt and many other ancient civilizations around the world. Greece is widely seen as producing great masterpieces in the archaic period and as time evolved into the classical period more detailed and sensible artwork developed. During the archaic period (c.660-480 B.C.) sculpture emerged as a principal form of artistic†¦show more content†¦Typical Archaic sculptures are produced to be very frontal and have the archaic smile on its face. Anavysos Kouros has both of these descriptions. The art work’s body language would portray the sculpture to convey no emotion but with the archaic smile represented on it’s face the viewer may become confused due to the inconsistent body language. The body looks as if it is very light but still has extremely large muscles that are tensed which also back up the argument that it’s unnat ural. The statue should be in motion due to the one leg in front of the other but the statue is portrayed as frozen which makes it extremely mechanical. On the other hand, the Kritios Boy Statue from century 480 B.C. is much more organic with a more fluid body stance. Never before had a sculptor been concerned with depicting how a human being, as opposed to a stone image, actually stands. Real people do not stand in the stiff form of the kouroi and korai. Humans shift their weight and the region of the main body parts around the vertical but flexible axis of the spine. The muscular and skeletal structures are depicted with freely lifelike accuracy, with the rib cage naturally expanded as if in the act of breathing, with a collected and calm demeanor and hips, which are distinctly narrower. The artist of this image was the first to grasp this fact and represent it in statuary. The head also turns slightly to the right and tilts,Show MoreRelatedThe History of the Western World from 500 B.C. to 1500 A.D.1178 Words   |  5 PagesHistory is the study man past chronological recorded events. Since the beginning of the world a lot h ave happened politically, socially, historically and economically. In this paper we shall examine the western world historically. Specifically we will examine the period between 500 B.C and 1500 A.D. Examine the most significant person, event, movement or occurrence. This period was the medieval period that was an era experienced in Europe during this time. The dark ages were also experienced duringRead MoreVisual Analysis Paper FINAL 2029 Words   |  9 PagesAnalysis Paper The Dark Age of Greece refers to a period of time where all knowledge of Mycenae construction, painting, sculpture, reading and writing disintegrated due to Dorian invasion. One form of art that continued through the period of the Mycenaean downfall was the art of pottery. Pottery, more specifically vase painting, was the beginning of an illustrative development in Greek art and was considered a durable form of art because it ensured the survival of artifacts for long periods of timeRead MorePortrayal Of Male Kouroi Sculptors3361 Words   |  14 PagesThroughout the Archaic period in the depiction of male kouroi sculptors began to make explorations in to characterization of their subject through the use of decorative anatomy, posture, and more natural depiction of the human body. The artists were allowed this freedom due to the accepted nudity of the male form in Greek sculpture at this time. In female sculpture and the characterization of kourai, however, artists had no such lice nse. It would not be until the Classical period that characterizationRead MorePetrarch Sonnet 1042832 Words   |  12 Pageskept getting rid of everything that is not in accordance with the theme of the music, and kept internalizing the objective external world into personal emotions. The third suite was finished in Rome and therefore it is usually called â€Å"Rome†. This paper introduces the second suite â€Å"Italy† with a table: Second suite â€Å"Italy† | Title | Time | Tempo | Measure | Material | 1. Marriage | 1837 - 1839 | Andante | 133 | A painting by Raphael | 2. The Thinker | 1837 - 1839 | Lento | 48 | A statueRead More Greek Education v.s Roman Education Essay examples6135 Words   |  25 Pagesinstruction in the areas of music, poetry, numeracy, and religious ritual (Handbook: Greece 253). Unlike the Greeks, Roman education was practically nonexistent before the development of official school systems in the Roman culture (Dobson 91). By law, early Roman education required that the father be the only schoolmaster of his son (Dobson 94). The mother would teach children basic principles until age seven (Avi-Yonah 176). Afterward, the father was in charge of the upbringing of his child (Avi-YonahRead MoreGreek Education V.S Roman Education6248 Words   |  25 Pagesinstruction in the areas of music, poetry, numeracy, and religious ritual (Handbook: Greece 253). Unlike the Greeks, Roman education was practically nonexistent before the development of official school systems in the Roman culture (Dobson 91). By law, early Roman education required that the father be the only schoolmaster of his son (Dobson 94). The mother would teach children basic principles until age seven (Avi-Yonah 176). Afterward, the father was in charge of the upbringing of his child (Avi-YonahRead MoreEnlightment of Education in Pygmalion and Educating Rita9449 Words   |  38 Pagesconditions in England in the beginning of the 20th century | |Ð’Ð ¾Ã ¹Ã'‚Ð ¸ Ã'‡Ð µÃ'€Ð µÃ · Facebook |2.   Shaw’s biography and his place in the development of the English literature | | |2.1   Early life and family | |Ðâ€"Ð °Ã ±Ã'‹Ð »Ã ¸ Ð ¿Ã °Ã'€Ð ¾Ã »Ã'Å'? |2.2   Personal life and political activism | |Ðâ€"Ð °Ã'€Ð µÃ ³Ã ¸Ã' Ã'‚Ã'€Ð ¸Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ²Ã °Ã'‚Ã'Å'Ã' Ã'  Read MoreMahfuz7742 Words   |  31 Pagesintelligence to amplify what are often complex and abstract concepts. This month we showcase the â€Å"rayographs† of Man Ray, the modernist giant. Born in Philadelphia, Ray moved to Paris in 1921, where he experimented with painting, ï ¬ lmmaking, sculpture, and, of course, photography. He created his rayographs by placing objects directly onto photosensitive material and exposing them to light. View more of the artist’s work at manraytrust.com. ARTWORK Man Ray, Rayography â€Å"Champs dà ©licieux†Read MoreBrazil Culture17445 Words   |  70 PagesWork Values, Traditions, Norms and Expectations†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦31 2. Verbal and Nonverbal Communication Patterns†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦37 IV.USEFUL INFORMATIONS†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..41 V.SOURCES †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..42 PREFACE In this term paper, which is about Brazil? We try to explain Social Institutions, Traditions, Verbal and Nonverbal Communication Patterns, some useful informations of Brazil. According to our research Brazil is a lively country. It has a large acculturation of otherRead MoreMetz Film Language a Semiotics of the Cinema PDF100902 Words   |  316 Pages90-46965 C1P The French edition of Christian Metz s Essais sur la signification au cinema, volume 1, was published by Editions Klincksieck in 1971,  © Editions Klincksieck, 1968. ÃŽËœThe paper used in this publication meets the minimum requirements of the American National Standard for Information Sciences-Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI Z39.48-1992. To George Blin, Profesor at the Collà ¨ge de France, whithout whom none of these pages would have been started. CONTENTS A Note

Macbeth’s Relation to Modern Day Free Essays

â€Å"You lack the season of all natures, sleep† (III. iv. 73), spoken by Lady Macbeth, shows how sleep can mess with a person’s judgment. We will write a custom essay sample on Macbeth’s Relation to Modern Day or any similar topic only for you Order Now Ever since Macbeth murdered Duncan, he has been so guilty that he couldn’t sleep. Since he is so sleep deprived, his judgment is impaired. He is paranoid and is killing people left and right. He is so fearful that everyone is trying to overthrow him that he resorts to killing his close friend, Banquo. â€Å"There’s blood upon thy face/ ‘Tis Banquo’s then† (III. iv. 3-15) is when Macbeth confirms the murder of Banquo from the ‘hit man’ he hired. He was paranoid that because of the witches’ prophecy about Banquo’s descendants becoming king, that Banquo would try to overthrow him. Macbeth was also afraid that Banquo was starting to suspect him of killing Duncan. I connected this quote to the article â€Å"Study Says Drowsy Drivers Are Involved in 17% of Fatal Crashes† in the New York Times newspaper. It states that â€Å"Being sleep-deprived decreases awareness slows reaction time and impairs judgment, similar to the impact of drugs or alcohol†.It shows how sleep deprived people who drive can cause serious accidents which usually kills them or other people. It relates to the quote because Macbeth is sleep deprived so his judgment about if he should or should not kill people is impaired. People who drive while sleep deprived can cause accidents because they can’t think straight. These accidents cause the death of innocent people. The effects of Macbeth’s sleep deprivation are similar to modern day’s effects of sleep deprivation: they both weaken your judgment and can cause lives. It can cause paranoia and it goes on long enough, you start to see things, maybe even a ghost. How to cite Macbeth’s Relation to Modern Day, Papers

Sunday, April 26, 2020

Platos Ideal City Essays (1603 words) - Socratic Dialogues

Plato's Ideal City Plato's Ideal City Socrates' ideal city is described through Plato in his work The Republic, some questions pondered through the text could be; How is this an ideal city, and is justice in the city relative to that of the human soul? I believe Socrates found the true meaning of justice in the larger atmosphere of the city and applied that concept to the human soul. Socrates describes his idea of an ideal city as one that has all the necessary parts to function and to show that justice is truly the harmony between the three sections of the city and soul in the human body. Plato introduces the idea of the happiness between groups in Book IV. Plato says, in founding the city we are not looking to the exceptional happiness of any one group among us but, as far as possible, that of the city as a whole.(Plato 420b). I agree that in order to examine one thing that is difficult to comprehend, it is wise to look on a larger scale. In this case, Socrates had to examine the difference of a whole city and other concepts of cities in order to determine justice in the world and inner soul. In order to develop the perfect city Socrates had to develop the other ideas that contribute to the ideal city, the City of Need, and the City of Luxury in order to develop the Perfect City. I believe Socrates in-depth discovery process for the perfect city is a great philosophical look into the idea of justice. Socrates brought up a subject many men at that time would never have thought about and Plato believed that the idea of justice was worthy of writing a literary work to pass his political philosophy on to future generations. Since the crucial elements of justice may be easier to observe on the larger scale like a city than on one individual. The focus for Socrates is a perfect city, because the city will represent human soul, Socrates says; we'll go on to consider it in the individuals, considering the likeness of the bigger in the idea of the littler?(Plato 369a). Plato's ideal city is really the search for the truth of justice, if Socrates is able to find the relationship between the soul and city in his ideal city then he would have the true meaning of justice. We saw from the reading how he came about braking down the city's parts and also that of the soul in order to see the reaction between three different regions which Plato and Socrates describe in The Republic. According to Plato, Socrates broke down the perfect city into three parts; each part is tied to a specific virtue that he believes will help define justice. The three virtues are wisdom, courage, and moderation. Wisdom is the whole knowledge, which describes the rulers of the city. The rulers should be the ones who incorporate philosophy and ruling together to rule the city wisely. Courage describes the guardians, who's job was to defend the city from invasion and take new lands for the city. The third virtue of the ideal city was moderation which is the concept of self-control and knowing ones role, also the concept of one man, one job. The ideal city described in the work is ideal to me because it relates all essential parts to bring harmony among the different kind of people and the virtues that go hand in hand with to bring about justice. Therefore, the question arises, if I would want to live in the ideal city Plato has described in the work. My answer would be yes because it seems that everyone has a specific role to follow depending upon their abilities, both physically and mentally. When I look back to the early cities Plato discussed I agree with the city of need, but that is only part of the whole scheme of things. We need to add the luxurious things and leaders and the people to protect the city. No one of those first two cities could be great by its self, sure each one had their strong points but together they are harmonious to develop

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Managing across culture Essays - Cross-cultural Psychology

Managing across culture Essays - Cross-cultural Psychology Managing across culture Final choice of location Group members: Introduction A place to start a new operation has been looking by a multinational Corporation (MNC) from the food & beverages industry. This MNC already has main operations in France, USA, India and New Zealand. To select the location of new operation, national cultural values, optimization of productivity, efficiency, market penetration and cultural value-added should be taking into account. Hofstedes model was used to analyze the cultural differences between the potential new locations (Brazil and South Africa) and the existing locations. 1.Hofstedes model analysis As seen from the bar chart (Appendix1.1) Brazil, South Africa, France, USA, India and New Zealand show many differences on each dimensions of Hofstedes model. 1.1 Power Distance Power distance is defined as the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organizations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally. It has to do with the fact that a societys inequality is endorsed by the followers as much as by the leaders. In corporations, power distance can indicate the social distance between employees and employer. India achieved the highest score compared with 5 other countries which is 77. This was followed by Brazil and then France at 69 and 68 respectively. In contrast, New Zealand, USA, and South Africa scored 22, 40, and 49 which are quite low. Consequently, power distance is far in India, Brazil, and France, which reflect that inequalities amongst people are acceptable in these societies. In that countries, the privilege of supervisors to be considered as a problem of course which significantly contribute to the implementation of authority and those features clearly not helpful to build harmonious relations between employees and managers. (Laura M. Milner, Dale Fodness, 1993). 1.2 Individualism- collectivism The fundamental issue addressed by this dimension is the degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members. It has to do with whether peoples self-image is defined in terms of I or We. In Individualist societies people are only supposed to look after themselves and their direct family. In Collectivist societies, people belong to in groups that take care of them in exchange for unquestioning loyalty. Brazil and India gained low points in individualism dimension indicate that these societies are more collectivism, in which countries employee depend more on psychological contracts with the group. However, individual freedom and individual achievement are greatly important in the countries with high score on this dimension such as USA, New Zealand, France, and South Africa. The countries often consider encouragement and awareness of individual competitions. 1.3 Masculinity- femininity The masculinity societies will be driven by competition, achievement and success, with success being defined by the winner or best-in-the-field while in femininity countries, dominant values are caring for others and quality of life that is the sign of success and standing out from the crowd is not admirable. South Africa got highest mark on this dimension at 63, followed closely by USA with one lower, and then New Zealand and India (58, 56 respectively) . In these countries, behavior in work is based on the shared values that people should strive to be the best they can be and that the winner takes all. Also, people live in order to work, managers are expected to be decisive and assertive, the emphasis is on equity, competition and performance and conflicts are resolved by fighting them out. By contract, with a score of 43, France has a somewhat Feminine culture. At face value this may be indicated by its famous welfare system, the 35-hour working week, five weeks of holidays per ye ar and its focus on the quality of life. 1.4 Uncertainty avoidance This dimension is the extent to which the members of a culture feel threatened by ambiguous or unknown situations and have beliefs and institutions to try to avoid these. France and Brazil got high score on this dimension, which is 86 and 76 respectively, in those people are hard- working and supervisors tend to control employees strictly. However, in countries with low uncertainty avoidance, such as New Zealand (49), South Africa (49), USA (46),India (40), uncertainty in life can be accepted easier and people can accept more suggestion and critics. Furthermore, employees in the low uncertainty avoidance countries

Monday, March 2, 2020

Famous Celebrity Trials and Court Cases

Famous Celebrity Trials and Court Cases Even the rich and famous can find themselves in trouble with the law. Being a celebrity in the United States does not protect you from the pursuit of justice. Nor does it protect you from becoming a crime victim. These stories give the timeline of criminal investigations and trials of cases involving celebrities. Some of the cases are closed and adjudicated, while others are still on-going. The Death of Michael Jackson On June 25, 2009, less than a month before he was scheduled to begin a series of comeback concerts, paramedics were called to Michael Jacksons rented home in Holby Hills near Los Angeles where they found him unconscious and not responding. The Trial of Michael Jackson Pop singer Michael Jackson faced charges of conspiracy to commit child abduction, false imprisonment and extortion, three counts of committing lewd acts upon a child, attempted lewd acts upon a child, and four counts of administering intoxicating agents to assist in the commission of a felony. The Legal Saga of O.J. Simpson On Sept. 13, 2007, Simpson and four other men entered a Las Vegas casino hotel room where some of his sports memorabilia were being offered for sale by two collectors. Police arrested O.J. Simpson on kidnapping and armed robbery charges. The Robert Blake Case Robert Blake faced trial for the murder of Bonny Lee Bakley and soliciting two other men to kill her. Bakley, 44, was shot to death on May 4, 2001, as she sat in Blakes sports car behind a restaurant where the couple had just dined. The Phil Spector Case Legendary rock and roll music producer Phil Spector was charged with the fatal shooting of former actress Lana Clarkston Feb. 3, 2003, at his Los Angeles mansion. The Jennifer Hudson Family Murders On October 24, 2008, the bodies of Academy Award-winning actress Jennifer Hudsons mother and brother were found in the familys home on Chicagos South Side. Shot to death were Hudsons mother, Darnell Donerson, and her brother, Jason Hudson. The Legal Troubles of Joe Francis Joe Francis, who has made millions from his Girls Gone Wild videos and magazines, has found himself entangled in legal trouble in civil and criminal courts on the state and federal levels. The Kobe Bryant Case Professional basketball star Kobe Bryant, 24, was charged with a single count of felony sexual assault against a 19-year-old woman at an exclusive spa where he was staying when he came to Colorado for knee surgery in the summer of 2003.